Chile

Stretched down the Pacific coast of South America, Chile has an extraordinary history for a New World wine region. In the 16th century Spanish conquistadors brought Vitis vinifera vines with them as they colonized the region. In the mid-19th century, French wine varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Carmenère and Cabernet Franc were introduced by French emigres, planting the seeds of what has become one of the worlds most exciting wine producers.
Chile is famously phylloxera-free, which means that grafting is not necessary.